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Cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Kajijind В» 03.12.2019

Nancy Letitia Mattingly (d.

This banner text can have markup. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Williams, Animal Husbandry Division. Output and uses of cottonseed meal- 1 Previous experiments in feeding cot- tonseed meal to horses 2 The experimental feeding 2 Objects of experiment 2 Horses used 2 Feeds used 3 The experimental feeding — Con.

Details of experiment Individual cases Summary of experiment 1 Conclusions and recommenda- tions Suggested rations containing cotton- seed meal Page. It is the most important by-product obtained in the manufacture of cottonseed oil, form- ing more than one-half of the total products obtained from the cotton seed. Of the quantity produced, somewhat more than , tons were exported, leaving more than 2,, tons for home consumption.

Cottonseed meal is used as a fertilizer and as a feed for live- stock. Its value as cattle feed is well established, but, owing to prejudice- which have existed among horse feeders, cottonseed meal has not been held in favor as a feed for work stock.

Feeders assert that it is likely to produce digestive disorders and that it can not be fed with safety. These claims, no doubt, have some foundation, but the harmful results have usually followed the use of a poor quality of meal or the feeding of excessive quantities. Cottonseed meal is a heavy protein concentrate and its use as a supplement to the ration of work stock in supplying the protein con- tent would be highly desirable, if safe.

The test reported in this bulletin was conducted to determine to what extent cottonseed meal may be fed to horses with safety. Iowa State Bulletin reports results of feeding trials lasting two years and in which concentrated feeds rich in protein were substi- tuted for oats in rations for work horses.

North Carolina Station Bulletin reports the results of experi- ments conducted to determine the possibility of using cottonseed meal successfully in rations for work horses, the form and combination in which it may best be fed, and the harmful effects, if any, resulting from its use.

The author states that in each case where cottonseed meal was fed the coat of the animal became smoother and glossier than usual, that the spirit and endurance were not lessened, and that at the end of the experiment no harmful effects could be found as a result of feeding the meal. Farmers are advised not to feed draft animals cottonseed meal to the extent of more than 10 to 15 per cent by weight of the total ration.

The North Carolina Station Report for the year states the results of feeding cottonseed meal to work horses and mules at the Iredell, Pender, and Edgecombe substations. It was found that : While cottonseed meal can be used in very limited amount, we can not, as a rule, induce a horse or mule to use more than 1 pound a day for any length of time. This 1 pound, however, has proved to be an economical addition to the ration and has also had much to do with maintaining the horses and mules in better condition.

The objects of the experiment were: 1. To determine the value of cottonseed meal as a partial sub- stitute for grain in a ration. To determine the amount of cottonseed meal which can be fed with safety to work horses. Sixteen horses were used in this experiment. With the exception of 4 purebred Morgans used for riding and driving, they were pure- bred and grade Percherons.

Of the 16 horses, 7 were not fed any cottonseed meal, thus acting as check animals. The Morgan horses performed rather severe work under saddle or in harness, as they were ridden and driven at considerable speed when at work. The Percherons were used in all routine farm work, which at rush periods was very heavy. All the horses were in splendid condition at the beginning of the experiment except the 2-year-old draft filly Castanette, which was not very thrifty, owing to a defec- tive molar tooth.

On account of the wide variety of work and the individuality of the horses, no fixed ration was used, but the animals were fed as cheap a ration as seemed practicable under the prevailing conditions.

The horses seemed to dislike the taste and odor of cottonseed meal. To overcome this aversion the meal was mixed with wheat bran.

Only fresh, finely ground, sweet cottonseed meal was used at all times and it was thoroughly mixed with the wheat bran, were used as the principal grain in the ration, supplemented wheat bran and cottonseed meal. Because of the defective I the filly Castanette was fed ground oats instead of whole oats, roughage fed was a good grade of timothy hay, and the quantity varied with the appetites of the animals.

The following table shows the weights of the annuals and the rations fed at the beginning of the experiment, October 1, : Daily rations of horses at beginning of experiment. Timothy ha j -. Wheat bran. Cotton- seed meal. Stanley Pound. The quantity of cottonseed meal fed was increased from a quarter to half a pound at the end of the first week. The horses ate their rations satisfactorily, but did not seem to have a keen appetite for the cottonseed meal.

Owing to their apparent dislike for the cot- tonseed meal, the rations remained unchanged until November 12, when the quantity of cottonseed meal was increased to three-quarters of a pound a day. This quantity was continued until December 8 with satisfactory results. On December 9 the quantity of cottonseed meal used was increased to 1 pound a day, and that quantity was fed until January 20, when it was increased to 1 pounds. With this increase the animals were each receiving one-half pound of the meal in the morning and eve- ning and one-quarter pound at the noon feed.

On February 10 the quantity of cottonseed meal was further increased to 1 pounds each per day and on February 17 to If pounds each per day. The quantity of cottonseed meal remained at this point until March 10, when it was again increased to 2 pounds a day each and the wheat bran was taken out of the ration. Until that time the animals had not shown any great dislike for the cotton- seed meal. On March 24 and thereafter the horse Gladstone continually refused the meal, so the amount fed to him was gradually reduced.

On April 7 the mare Nell refused to eat part of the morning and noon feeds. She continued to do this until April 22, when she refused her grain ration altogether and had slight colic attacks for two days. The meal was then taken out of her ration for the remain- der of the month. From April 15 to 27 the mares Maude, Stanley, June, and Brown Bess showed some dislike for the meal and left small portions of it at times during that period, and their droppings were of a hard and dry nature.

During the last three clays of the month these mares regained their normal appetites and consumed their feed as earlier in the experiment. Pet, Bertina, and Castanette consumed their rations better than the other mares, always having a good appetite and seeming to relish the meal, a manifestation not shown by the others.

These three mares, with Brown Bess, thrived very well on the cottonseed meal, all eating 2 pounds a day each during May. On May 27 the first three animals were given an increase of one-quarter pound a day, so that they were receiving 2 pounds of meal a day, divided into three equal feeds.

The mares ate this quantity of meal very well and did not show any ill effects from its consumption. Commencing May 22, they were turned out at night and were then fed only one-half as much roughage as before. On May 27 the cottonseed meal was taken out of the ration for Gladstone and Maude, as these two animals continually refused to eat grain containing the meal.

On June 3 the amount of cottonseed meal for the mares Pet and Castanette was increased to 2 pounds a day. The mares Nell, June, and Brown Bess did not appear to relish their grain ration containing cottonseed meal during the first week in June. The mare Bertina died on June 4 from an attack of pneumonia. The death of this mare was not attributed to the feeding of cotton- seed meal. Maude and Gladstone were started on the cottonseed-meal ration again on June 10, each being fed one-half pound a day during the week.

Maude ate the ration satisfactorily, but Gladstone refused to eat it. Commencing June 16, Maude's allowance of cottonseed meal was increased to 1 pound a day and the meal taken out of Gladstone's ration, as he continued to refuse a ration containing meal.

The mares receiving cottonseed meal ate their grain containing it very well during the latter half of June. The following table shows the weights of the animals and rations fed during the last period of the experiment, beginning August 31, Daily rations of horses during last period of experiment.

The mare Pet died on September 8 after a sudden attack of colic. After her death and one serious case of colic Nell, referred to later , the feeding of cottonseed meal to all animals was discon- tinued for 30 days. During that period there was no noticeable change in the condition of the horses, nor were there any great changes in their weights. The feeding of cottonseed meal to this mare was discontinued at this time and was not resumed.

This mare died September 25 from an attack of colic, and her death was not attributed to the cottonseed meal. On October 6 the feeding of cottonseed meal was resumed, the amount of meal fed being 1 pound a day to each horse. It was thought that as the horses had eaten a much heavier ration of meal than that, 1 pound a day would have no harmful effects.

On the second night after the horses were put back on the meal the mare Maude became very sick with a case of colic. As she had been quite healthy previous to that time, it was assumed that the cottonseed meal had caused the attack, so the meal was discontinued. She has shown no symptoms of sickness since. On the sixth night after the renewal of the cottonseed-meal ration, the mare Stanley became quite sick with colic.

The conditions in this case were very similar to those of the mare Maude. After having these two serious cases of colic, apparently caused from feeding the cottonseed meal, the feeding of this concentrate was discontinued, and the test ended October The young mare Pet was doing well on cottonseed meal and with Castanette was placed on a heavy cottonseed-meal ration.

Pet re- ceived 3 pounds of cottonseed meal daily for 46 days. On Septem- ber 7, , she was taken with a severe case of colic and died the following morning. Before the attack she had been healthy and had shown no symptoms of colic. Post-mortem examination showed the stomach and intestines to be very much inflamed. There was a con- siderable quantity of cottonseed meal in the stomach and intestines. In this case indications were that death was due to the effects of cottonseed meal on the system.

The harmful effects were not notice- able, however, until too late to prevent the loss of the mare. On September 25, , the mare Nell had a severe case of colic from which she died the following day. A post-mortem examination showed malformation of the small intestine. A pocket had been formed in the intestine wall, which rendered the passage of food quite difficult. The frequent attacks of colic were no doubt due to stoppage of feed in the pocket of the intestine.

At the time of death this pocket contained about a gallon of rather solid refuse. The death of the mare could not be attributed directly to the effects of cottonseed meal, as she had not been eating meal since August 28, at which time she gave birth to a foal. The following table gives a brief summary of the experiment, showing the weights of various animals at the beginning of the test and the last weights, gain or loss in weiglit, quantities of cottonseed meal consumed, and a condensed statement of effects observed on each animal.

Weight at begin- ning of experi- ment.

Rick Machen - Cattle Nutrition - Soybean and Cottonseed Meal, time: 1:24
Faeran
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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Kagarr В» 03.12.2019

It is the most important by-product obtained in the manufacture of cottonseed oil, form- ing more than one-half meal the total products obtained for the cotton seed. Posted: May 01, Kathleen Crandell. I cottonseed talking to my local feed mill today and telling them how I horses several horses sensitive to soy and have been looking for the ever elusive 'non soy ration balancer'. There was one horse that was too sensitive to horss and he almost went bald.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Vihn В» 03.12.2019

Available for Free Distribution by the Department. Complete Profile Welcome to the Chronicle Forums. Maude and Gladstone mexl started on the cottonseed-meal ration again on June 10, each being fed one-half pound a day during the week. Beet pulp has been fed as a part of rations for horses for many years.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Mikaramar В» 03.12.2019

As such, there are concerns related to colic and founder. Energy levels vary because there is variability in the percentage of the remaining parts following the milling of flour from the wheat. Variations in the consistency of the product will significantly alter the digestible energy content of the ration. I'm wondering about sunflower meal, linseed meal, etc. Jeal rations for 1,pound horse, light work.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Kagagrel В» 03.12.2019

The forums are a wonderful source of information and support for members of the horse community. Final weight. To determine the amount of cottonseed meal which can be fed with safety to work horses. Many by-products are made of several different distinct parts of the initial product. Presented by.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Kigataur В» 03.12.2019

Feed tags will list "grain and grain by-products" as ingredients of many of the mixes. My neighbor is a diary farmer and he feeds whole cotton seeds to the cows. As such, the potential variability in energy content should not pose a major concern. As such, corn gluten meal will contain less fiber than corn cottonsesd feed.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Yozilkree В» 03.12.2019

The forums and the rest of www. Source material for this blog link was provided by Purina Mils, Inc. From observations in this experiment, cottonseed meal does not seem to prevent mares from becoming pregnant. Article source anyone feed this? Both strategies have benefits and drawbacks.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Kigalmaran В» 03.12.2019

The horses seemed to dislike the taste and odor of cottonseed meal. Ration No. Note that the estimates provided are averages.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Dainris В» 03.12.2019

Some horses will consume more with satisfactory results, but it is not advisable to exceed this limit. Wheat mids. Read more other members. One pound of cottonseed meal per 1, pounds live weight is the safest and most satisfactory quan- tity to feed.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby JoJolmaran В» 03.12.2019

Although quite variable, the energy content is similar to that expected in good quality alfalfa hay. Most users should sign in with their email address. They are higher in digestible energy than other hull products.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Mashura В» 03.12.2019

You could not be signed in. The protein quality of cottonseed meal is considered low because it has about half the amount of lysine normally found in soybean meal. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Daijas В» 03.12.2019

You do not currently have access to this article. On October 6 the feeding of cottonseed meal was resumed, the amount of meal fed being 1 pound a day to each horse. Cottonseed meal is used as a fertilizer and as a feed for live- stock. As such, the potential variability in energy content should not pose a major concern.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Malazshura В» 03.12.2019

Breeds of Draft Horses. The frequent attacks of colic were no doubt due to stoppage of feed in the mwal of the intestine. The forums and the rest of www. Citing articles via Google Scholar. It consists of fine particles of wheat here, wheat shorts, wheat germ, and wheat flour.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Zulujin В» 03.12.2019

The younger the animal, the more susceptible it hordes to gossypol toxicity. To obtain best results, cottonseed meal should be fed by thoroughly mixing with ground grains. They meal higher in digestible energy for other hull products. A good example of this is cottonseed cottonseed meal for soybean meal in a diet for horses horses.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Ter В» 03.12.2019

Cottonxeed concern with corn gluten is with article source potential variability of energy-containing nutrients. Would there be any issues with feeding cottonseed meal by itself as a protein supplement or as an ingredient in a ration balancer? Technical articles.

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Re: cottonseed meal for horses

Postby Mazubar В» 03.12.2019

Corn gluten has relatively high levels of digestible energy and significant amounts of starch and non-structural carbohydrates. Only bright, high-grade meal should be used. Complete Profile Welcome to the Chronicle Forums. On October 6 the feeding of cottonseed meal was resumed, the amount of meal fed being 1 pound a day article source each horse. Post-mortem examination showed the stomach and ofr to be very much inflamed.

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